The Evolution of the Princeton Campus: 1746-Present draws almost entirely on the primary documents found in the Historical Subject Files/Grounds and Buildings of the Princeton University Archives, located in the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Extensively indexed and updated in 1994 by Sara Bush `95 and Janet Temos *GS, the Grounds and Buildings files contain an enormous amount of relevant material on the architecture of the Princeton campus, including minutes of trustee meetings at which buildings were discussed, correspondence between University officials and architects, contemporary reviews of new buildings from the Daily Princetonian and Princeton Alumni Weekly, and articles about campus buildings from architectural and other publications.
Also found in Mudd Library are back issues of the Prince along with the Nassau Literary Review, Nassau Herald, the Bric-a-Brac, and various other student publications. These periodicals provide some of the richest sources of information on the prevailing issues and ethos of the campus at different times in Princeton's history. Many of the structures built on the Princeton campus were the subject of articles in periodicals devoted specifically to architecture, such as Architectural Record and Architectural Forum, and these third-party accounts help balance the official hyperbole that so often attends the opening of new buildings.
In addition to these primary sources, this account also reflects the ever-expanding collection of secondary works about Princeton. Among the standard reference books on the University's history, the most valuable from an architectural perspective are Professor Thomas J. Wertenbaker's Princeton: 1746-1896, still the best single source on the campus of John Witherspoon, Joseph Henry, and James McCosh; Princeton Architecture: A Pictorial History of Town and Campus, by Constance M. Grieff, Mary W. Gibbons, and Elizabeth G.C. Menzies; Professor Henry L. Savage's Nassau Hall 1756-1956, published for the building's bicentennial; The Princeton Graduate School: A History, by Willard Thorp, Minor Myers, Jr., and Jeremiah Stanton Fitch; and Richard Stillwell's definitive The Chapel of Princeton University. Professor Gerald Breese's Princeton University Land is a meticulously researched volume that traces every step in the physical expansion of the campus. And although occasionally misinformed, Alexander Leitch `27's A Princeton Companion still provides an important and wonderfully idiosyncratic compendium of Princetoniana.
Other useful sources include the biographies or works of several of the architects who worked on the Princeton campus, include Talbot Hamlin's Benjamin Henry Latrobe; Ralph Adams Cram's autobiography, My Life in Architecture; Charles Z. Klauder and Herbert C. Wise's College Architecture in America, and its Part in the Development of the Campus; and Sarah Bradford Landau's Edward T. and William A. Potter: American Victorian Architects. The best general survey of university architecture and campus planning is Paul Venable Turner's Campus: An American Planning Tradition, which not only includes many of Princeton's most important buildings but also provides the greater educational and cultural context in which these buildings were erected.
In addition, many Princetonians gave generously of their time to assist with various aspects of this project. In particular, I am indebted to Jon Hlafter `61, Walter Lippincott `60, John McPhee `53, Ed Tenner `65, Bill Selden `34, Justin Harmon `78, Jackie Savani, Joe Sferra, Gordon Harrison `68, Andrea and Hirschel Rabitz, Norm Itzkowitz *59, Andrew Mytelka `85, Jim Merritt `66, Warren Eginton `45, Bill McLeery, Will Rivinus `52, John Sawhill `58, Michelle Preston *85, and Willy Warner `43. At different times, former University presidents William Bowen *58 and Robert Goheen `40 also supplied helpful perspectives. Before his death, architect Arthur Holden `12 shared with me memories of the construction boom of the pre-war period; the late Jarvis Cromwell `18 did as well.
In Princeton, the redoubtable Gloria Emerson served as an inspiring and gracious host. Professor Robert Clark *60, who for many years taught a course on the architectural history of Princeton, provided early guidance for this endeavor and generously shared his files. Kirk Alexander `72, Dean Richard Golden *58, Christine Kitto, and the rest of the project team were also unfailingly helpful. My colleagues at The Nature Conservancy graciously enabled me to arrange my schedule so that I could complete this project. And special thanks to Sara Bush `95 for her editorial heroics, unerring sense of judgment, and courage to speak plainly.
Even more than any of these sources, however, this manuscript reflects the unseen but pervasive influence of the many Princetonians in my extended family, especially my grandfather, David Williamson `18, and my father, David Williamson Jr. `51. Although neither of them is still living, their anecdotes of Princeton and its peculiar customs and culture infuse the interstitial spaces of this manuscript. Their perspectives on the University's evolution and history enriched with my own experience as an undergraduate and, I hope, enrich this account as well.
My deepest debts are to my wife, Rebecca, and my son, Taylor, without whose love and support this project would not have been possible.
-- David Williamson III `84