Chronology

China Japan Korea

 

China

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Neolithic period ca. 8000–ca. 2000 B.C.
Xia period (Protohistoric) ca. 2100–ca. 1600 B.C.
Shang dynasty ca. 1600–ca. 1100 B.C.
Zhou dynasty ca. 1100–256 B.C.
Western Zhou ca. 1100–770 B.C.
Eastern Zhou 770–256 B.C.
Spring and Autumn period 770–ca. 470 B.C.
Warring States period ca. 470–221 B.C.
Qin dynasty 221–206 B.C.
Han dynasty 206 B.C.–A.D. 220
Western (Early) Han 206 B.C.–A.D. 9
Xin dynasty 9–24
Eastern (Later) Han 25–220
Period of Disunity 220–589
Three Kingdoms period 220–265
Wei 220–265
Shu Han 220–265
Wu 222–280
Western Jin dynasty 265–317
Northern Dynasties 386–581
Sixteen Kingdoms 304–438
Former Liang 314–376
Later Liang 386–403
Southern Liang 397–414
Western Liang 400–422
Northern Liang 398–439
Cheng Han 304–347
Former Zhao 304–329
Later Zhao 319–351
Western Qin 365–431
Former Qin 349–394
Later Qin 384–417
Xia 407–431
Former Yan 333–370
Later Yan 384–409
Southern Yan 398–410
Northern Yan 409–436
Northern Wei 386–535
Eastern Wei 534–550
Western Wei 535–557
Northern Qi 550–577
Northern Zhou 557–581
Southern Dynasties 317–589
Eastern Jin 317–420
Liu Song 420–479
Southern Qi 479–502
Liang 502–557
Chen 557–589
Six Dynasties period (222–589)
Wu 222–280
Eastern Jin 317–420
Liu Song 420–479
Southern Qi 479–502
Liang 502–557
Chen 557–589
Sui dynasty 589–618
Tang dynasty 618–907
Liao dynasty 907–1125
Five Dynasties period 907–960
Later Liang 907–923
Later Tang 923–936
Later Jin 936–946
Later Han 946–950
Later Zhou 951–960
Song dynasty 960–1279
Northern Song 960–1127
Southern Song 1127–1279
Xi Xia 1038–1227
Dali kingdom 937–1253
Jin dynasty 1115–1234
Yuan dynasty 1260–1368
Ming dynasty 1368–1644
Qing dynasty 1644–1912
Republic 1912–1949
People's Republic 1949–

 

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Japan

Jōmon period ca. 10,000–300 B.C.
Incipient Jōmon ca. 10,000–ca. 7500 B.C.
Initial Jōmon ca. 7500–ca. 5000 B.C.
Early Jōmon ca. 5000–ca. 3500 B.C.
Middle Jōmon ca. 3500–ca. 2400 B.C.
Late Jōmon ca. 2500–ca. 1000 B.C.
Final Jōmon ca. 1000–ca. 300 B.C.
Yayoi period ca. 300 B.C.–ca. A.D. 300
Early Yayoi ca. 300–ca. 100 B.C.
Middle Yayoi ca. 100 B.C.–ca. A.D. 100
Late Yayoi ca. 100–ca. 300
Kofun period (Tumulus) 300–710
Asuka period 593–710
Hakuhō period 672–686
Nara period 710–794
Tempyō period 729–749
Heian period 794–1185
Fujiwara period (Late Heian) 894–1185
Kamakura period 1185–1333
Muromachi (Ashikaga) period 1333/36–1568
Kemmu restoration 1333–1336
Nanbokuchō period 1337–1392
Sengoku period 1467–1568
Momoyama period 1568–1600
Edo period (Tokugawa) 1600–1868
Kanei era 1624–1644
Meiji period 1868–1912
Taishō period 1912–1926
Shōwa period 1926–1989
Heisei period 1989–present

 

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Korea

Neolithic period ca. 7000–ca. 10th century B.C.
Bronze Age ca. 10th century–ca. 3rd century B.C.
Iron Age ca. 300 B.C.
Three Kingdoms period 57 B.C.–A.D. 668
Silla 57 B.C.–A.D. 668
Koguryŏ 37 B.C.–A.D. 668
Paekche 18 B.C.–A.D. 660
Kaya Federation 42–562
Unified Silla dynasty 668–935
Koryŏ dynasty 918–1392
Chosŏn dynasty 1392–1910

 

Ando Hiroshige
Yase Village, from the series “Famous Places in Kyoto” (Kyoto meisho)
Japan, Edo period, ca. 1835
Ink and colors on paper
21.5 x 33.5 cm.
Gift of Anne van Biema
1996-213